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작성자똥강아지 조회 3회 작성일 2020-11-29 23:43:23 댓글 0

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This Plane Tried To Do The Impossible: The Caproni Transaereo

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Research and writing in collaboration with Tomás Campos.

In June of 1919, two daring British aviators made the world's first successful non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean from North America to Europe using a modified Vickers Vimey airplane. In just 16 hours, they achieved what up until that point, required days to accomplish by ocean liner. John Alcock and Arthur Brown’s transatlantic flight was celebrated around the world as a monumental achievement, but regular passenger carrying flights were still decades from becoming reality.

In 1919 flight was still in its infancy, and knowledge about aerodynamics and the mechanics of flight were still rudimentary. But a pioneering Italian aircraft builder named Giovanni Battista Caproni was convinced that he could design an airliner to fly passengers from Europe to America. But unlike Alcock and Brown’s heavily modified Vickers Vimey airplane, which carried mostly extra fuel, Caproni’s airliner would have room for 100 passengers and 8 crew members. Numbers that would’ve seemed absurdly ambitious for the era.

Caproni’s giant flying machine was constructed and ready for flight testing in early 1921. Designated as the Ca.60 Transaereo, it was likely the largest aircraft built up until that point. With it’s eight powerful engines and 9 wings arranged in a triple triplane configuration, the odd looking flying boat airliner captured the world's imagination. To many, it would have seemed like a new era of mass air travel was just around the corner. But despite a brief successful test flight sometime in late February or early March, the Transaereo would ultimately prove to be a little too ambitious for it’s time. The Transaereo made two successful flights and only one successful landing. It would take another 20 years before regular passenger flights would begin in 1939 using Boeing 314 flying boat airliners.

Link to the Mustard Store:
https://teespring.com/stores/mustard-store

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):

Intro Song: “Other Sides of Glory”- https://www.epidemicsound.com/track/8pwD4MpnCZ

Song 2: “Quirky Orchestral Background” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/130974091-quirky-orchestral-background

Song 3: “Electro Swing” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/124233980-curiosity-documentary-2-minutes-cinematic-goofy-background-d

Outro Song: “Other Sides of Glory”- https://www.epidemicsound.com/track/8pwD4MpnCZ

Thanks for watching!

This Insane Helicopter Was The Largest Ever Built: The Mil V-12 Story

Sign up for an annual CuriosityStream subscription and you’ll also get a free Nebula subscription (the new streaming platform built by creators) here: http://CuriosityStream.com/mustard

Research and writing in collaboration with Tomás Campos.

The Soviets built some of the largest and most technically advanced helicopters in the world. By 1957, the Mil Mi-6 had already emerged as the largest helicopter ever built, far out-sizing helicopters built in the west. But for the Soviet Union, the need to build a helicopter far larger than even the Mi-6, soon became a matter of national security.

By 1960, American U-2 spy planes conducting high altitude reconnaissance flights over the Soviet Union were beginning to uncover the location of the country’s Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) sites. These first generation R-7 Semyorka ICBMs were being deployed throughout the Soviet Union as fast as possible, but their enormous size and weight meant they could only be delivered to launch sites using trains. The need to build rail lines to launch sites made the ICBM sites easy to spot in U.S. reconnaissance photos.

Keeping the missile sites hidden was a matter of national security. The Soviets devised a bold plan to airlift ICBMs into the vast and remote Soviet wilderness, thereby eliminating the need for rail lines or even roads. This would make it virtually impossible for spy planes to track down missile sites hidden in over twelve million square kilometres of forests. But to make the plan work, the Soviets would need to build a helicopter with at least twice the lifting power of the Mi-6.

Design studies for the new enormous helicopter began in 1959, with the Soviet Council of Ministers formally approving development in 1962. But development of such an ambitious helicopter would progress slowly, as various configurations (single rotor, tandem and transverse) were studied. Construction of testing-rigs, transmission systems and mock-ups began in 1963, and construction of the first prototype started in 1965. The new prototype would be designated as the Mil V-12 (with plans to designate the production version as Mil Mi-12). The first test flight in 1967 ended in failure as the V-12 crashed back to earth sustaining minor damage due to oscillations caused by control problems. A second test flight a year later proved the helicopter's airworthiness.

The V-12 would go on to break numerous world records for lifting capacity, but it’s fate had already been sealed by a rapidly changing strategic situation. The introduction of spy satellites, and the development of new lighter and mobile ICBMs made hiding nuclear missiles strategically irrelevant.

In 1970, the Soviet Air Force refused to accept the V-12 into state acceptance trials, due to a lack of need. Although a second V-12 prototype would be constructed in 1972, there were simply too few scenarios that would require such a large and complex helicopter. In 1974 development of the V-12 was cancelled and the Mil Design Bureau shifted efforts to designing the Mil Mi-26, the largest helicopter to enter service.

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive:
AP Archive website: http://www.aparchive.com YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/aparchive and https://www.youtube.com/c/britishmovietone

Special thanks to Nick Arehart for helping clean up our audio:
https://twitter.com/airhrt_

Link to the Mustard Store:
https://teespring.com/stores/mustard-store

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):

Intro Song: “Space Cinematic”- https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/59892651-space-cinematic

Song 2: “Yet Another Chase” - https://www.epidemicsound.com/track/XLXfWzuSYN

Song 3: “The Board Is Set” - https://www.epidemicsound.com/track/gkfdJo7Mdp

Song 4: “Grim March” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/58960465-f-giovannangelo-grim-march-accompaniment-only

Song 5: “Like the Wind” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/58960501-f-giovannangelo-wind-accompaniment-only

Song 6: “Synthwave Industrial Technology” - https://audiojungle.net/item/synthwave-industrial-technolgy/26517275

Thanks for watching!

Why You Couldn’t Afford To Fly Concorde

Sign up for an annual CuriosityStream subscription and you’ll also get a free Nebula subscription (the new streaming platform built by creators) here: http://CuriosityStream.com/mustard

Concorde was the world’s most iconic airliner and one of the most technically ambitious projects in aviation history. Billions were spent on its development over a span of more than a decade. When the Concorde program was launched, it was to be the next giant leap forward in air travel. Many believed that mass supersonic commercial air travel would be commonplace by the end of the 1970s.

By the early 1960s, both the British and French had come up with early designs for supersonic airliners. As both efforts moved toward the prototype phase, it increasingly made sense for the two countries to work together to shoulder development costs and the immense technical hurdles. Britain and France formally partnered to launch the Concorde program by signing a treaty in 1962.

Thousands of the brightest French and British engineers were dedicated to making supersonic air travel a reality. By 1963, mockups of Concorde were already capturing the world’s imagination and dazzling the press. Airlines soon placed orders for more than 70 Concordes. Orders were expected to grow to at least 200 by 1975. The Soviet Union responded with the development of their own supersonic airliner and the United States launched the Supersonic Transport program.

However, by the early 1970s, the prospect of mass supersonic travel began to fade. Concorde would enter commercial service in the mid-to-late 1970s, just as the price of oil began to skyrocket. Concorde burned nearly four times more fuel than even a first generation jetliner. Like all supersonic aircraft, Concorde generated sonic booms. Public tolerance for sonic booms had been underestimated, and as countries started banning supersonic flights over their airspace, limited route options made Concorde less appealing to airlines. By the end of 1973, nearly every airline cancelled their options. All the while, Concorde’s development costs had ballooned to more than ten times original estimates.

British Airways and Air France were ultimately the only airlines to put Concordes into service, taking delivery of just a handful of aircraft each. The two airlines would eventually turn a profit by branding Concorde as an ultra-exclusive way to travel. Ticket prices were set as high as $12,000 for a London to New York round trip for the elite few who could afford the price of flying supersonic. While the prospect of mass supersonic travel never arrived, Concorde earned a legacy as an engineering marvel and symbol of pride for the British and French until it's retirement in 2003.

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive:
AP Archive website: http://www.aparchive.com YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/aparchive and https://www.youtube.com/c/britishmovietone

Special thanks to Nick Arehart for helping clean up our audio:
https://twitter.com/airhrt_

Link to the Mustard Store:
https://teespring.com/stores/mustard-store

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):
Intro Song: “Upbeat Jazz” - https://audiojungle.net/item/upbeat-jazz/19560759

Song 2: “British Loop” - https://audiojungle.net/item/british-loop/3940093

Song 3: “Future Innovation Technology” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/105925303-future-innovation-technologyinspirational-science-and-indust

Song 4: “Documentary Curious And Contemporary” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/124518398-documentary-curious-and-contemporary-60-sec-part-2

Song 5: “80s Synthwave” - https://audiojungle.net/item/80s-synthwave/25916576

Song 6: “Raw Cello” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/120023244-raw-cello-virtuoso-dramatic-solo-strings-epic-inspiring-cine

Song 7: “Ambient Piano Documentary” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/123770319-ambient-piano-documentary

Song 8: “Inspirational Technology” - https://www.pond5.com/royalty-free-music/item/100434966-inspirational-technologyfuture-and-fantasyscience-and-produc

Song 9: “80s Synthwave”
https://audiojungle.net/item/synthwave/26328368

... 

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